LitReview Fifth Edition (2024)

We are pleased to announce theFIFTH issue of our
Online Literary Review!

Welcome from our President


Diane Revell
President – Hawaii Writers Guild

LitReview Fifth Edition (2)

Welcome from Our Managing Editor

Aloha Readers,

This Fifth Edition, of Hawaii Writers Guild Literary Review: Latitudes, is dedicated with gratitude and affection to:

Our Founding Editor, Laura Burkhart, whose vision and commitment gave birth to the First Edition of Latitudes as a literary journal;

Manaing Editor emeritus, Bob Lupo, who donated untold hours and exceptional energy over the next three years to Editions II, III, and IV, developing and expanding Latitudes to include more selections, and more-diverse member contributions; and

Our Production Editor, Webmaster Duncan Dempster, whose sustained commitment and contributions of technological expertise over all five editions has made it possible to publish Latitudes. Writers can write and editors can edit, but without our devoted online publishing professional, all else could have come to naught.

I want to thank the Hawaii Writers Guild Board of Directors, who represent the Guild as Latitudes' official legal Publisher.

Their thoughtful reflection and guidance over the past eleven months kept our Literary Review alive, in transition through a challenging year. I'm grateful for the Board members' willingness to study a new publishing landscape, engage in dialogue, and make difficult decisions about Artificial Intelligence policies, based on our shared values for human creativity and the Guild's non-profit mission to serve local communities.

I also want to express my profound gratitude to the 2024 Editorial Team. Whether we were dear friends, or total strangers, all eleven editors stepped up immediately, with courage and commitment, the moment they heard my call for help! to preserve Latitudes' legacy in Hawaii Writers Guild.

They read a huge number of other authors' manuscripts to make first-round selections; and contributed valuable assistance with copy editing and line editing, whether that meant extra Zoom meetings, thoughtful ballot comments, or full manuscript reviews. They took time away from writing, editing, and/or marketing their own books to serve as volunteers for this endeavor.

Their discerning judgement, diligent work, and ongoing support for me as a new managing editor made the impossible, possible.

Finally, I want to thank the Members of Hawaii Writers Guild.

We set a new record in 2024, with 105 total submissions.

Every member who submitted a manuscript for consideration had to navigate new Guidelines and new Forms this year. Thank you, members, for your enthusiastic contribution of manuscripts for consideration, as well as for your patience and cooperation with these changes.

I'm happy to note that we are publishing five relatively new members of the Guild in Edition V, as well as a couple of long-time, well-published members of the Guild who hadn't yet taken advantage of the opportunity to submit their work for Latitudes.

Our Aloha spirit for fellow writers in Hawaii Writers Guild is rare, and precious.

Together, all of us have managed to create an Edition V of Hawaii Writers Guild Literary Review: Latitudes that I believe can stand with pride anywhere in the literary universe.

I hope each of you will enjoy reading it.

Blessings and Peace,

LitReview Fifth Edition (3)

List of Our Latitudes V Authors

Dale Baker
John Blossom
Laura Burkhart
David Dinner
Cheryl Ann Farrell
Joy Fisher
Michael Foley
Steven Foster
David Fouts
Gwyndolin Gorg
Lucy Lee Jones

Nancy Juneau
Karen Kuester
Angela Leslee
Sharon E. Ludan
Wendy Noritake
Carol Prescott
Diane Revell
Kimberly Russell
Ed Sancious
Diann Wilson
​Wendy Wilson

Margaret Zacharias

LitReview Fifth Edition (4)

Hawaii Writers Guild Literary Review: Latitudes Edition V

Collection Copyright in whole, June 2024, by Hawaii Writers Guild.

Hawaii Writers Guild,anIRS §501(c)(3) nonprofit organizationincorporatedin the State of Hawaii, expressly forbids the gathering or use of any data contained herein for the training of, or use in any form by, Artificial Intelligence, including but not limited to Large Language Models and/or Generative Pre-Trained Transformer technologies.

Author Copyrights

"A Great Love" Copyright 2022 by Karen Kuester.
Previously published in Meraki, by Karen Kuester, Independent by Karen Kuester, October 9, 2022.
Republished with permission of author
"Acrobatics" Copyright 2024 by Cheryl Ann Farrell.
Previously published by Grande Dame Literary,, January 2, 2024. Republished with permission of author.
"Ash and Anguish" Copyright 2024 by Cheryl Ann Farrell.
"Board Games" Copyright 2024 by Nancy Juneau.
"Bring It" Copyright 2024 by Diann Wilson.
"Caldera" Copyright 2024 by Carol Prescott.
"China in an Opium Bottle" Copyright 2022 by Karen Kuester.
Previously published in Meraki, Independent by Karen Kuester, October 9, 2022 and
Out of Our Minds Volume 2: Shadows and Reflections, by Volcano Writer's Group et al., October 21, 2022.
Republished with permission of author.
"Daddy's Last Aubade" Copyright 2024 by Ed Sancious.
"Descent" Copyright 2024 by Wendy Wilson.
"Endless Connection" Copyright 2024 by Gwyndolin Gorg.
"Falling in Love" Copyright 2024 by Cheryl Ann Farrell.
"Hawaii's Guardian" Copyright 2024 by Steven S. Foster.
"Invitations" Copyright 2024 by John Blossom.
"Last Sight of a Hand" Copyright 2024 by Laura Burkhart.
"Laupahoehoe Morning" Copyright 2024 by Gwyndolin Gorg.
"Letting Go" Copyright 2024 by David Dinner.
"Metrazol" Copyright 2024 by Laura Burkhart.
"Moving Right Along" Copyright 2024 by Joy Fisher.
"Ordering Off Menu" Copyright 2024 by David Fouts.
"Pig Tales" Copyright 2023 by Angela Leslee.
Previously published in Chicken Boots: Hen-Raising Misadventures, Independent by Angela Leslee, September 28, 2023. Reprinted with permission of author.
"Return to Self" Copyright 2024 by Lucy Lee Jones.
Saving Makani" Copyright 2024 by Nancy Juneau.
Seeking a Theory of Everything" Copyright 2021 by Sharon E. Ludan.
Previously published in Mingled Voices 6: International Proverse Poetry Prize Anthology 2021,Bickley et al. eds, Proverse Hong Kong, April 18, 2022. Republished with permission of author.
"Shipping Lanes" Copyright 2024 by John Blossom.
"Talk Story in Line" Copyright 2024 by Diane B. Revell.
"The Beginning of the End" Copyright 2024 by Angela Leslee.
"The Last Day for Strawberries" Copyright 2024 by Carol Prescott.
"The Sea Turtles Teach Me Their Version of Timeless Truths" Copyright 2022 by Sharon E. Ludan. Previously published in Conversations: An Anthology, Unleash Press, Jen Knox and Rebecca Grubb, eds., March 5, 2022. Republished with permission of the author.
"The Messenger" Copyright 2024 by Wendy Noritake.
"The N Word" Copyright 2024 by Gwyndolin Gorg.
"Truth and Consequences" Copyright 2024 by Margaret King Zacharias.
"Walking Meditation at Kauna'oa" Copyright 2024 by Michael Foley.
"What the Heck is a Sestina" Copyright 2024 by Dale L. Baker
"White Wings" Copyright 2024 by Margaret King Zacharias.
"Winter Moon" Copyright 2024 by Kimberly B. Russell.
"Words Written for My Mother in Carlsbad, California" Copyright 2024 by Michael Foley.

All Rights Reserved.

LitReview Fifth Edition (2024)


What is a 5 literature review? ›

A literature review surveys prior research published in books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.

What are the 5 important purposes of a review of related literature? ›

The purpose of a literature review is to:

Resolve conflicts amongst seemingly contradictory previous studies, Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort, Point the way in fulfilling a need for additional research, and. Locate your own research within the context of existing literature.

What are the 7 steps in writing a literature review? ›

7 easy steps to do a literature review
  • Define your research scope. ...
  • Plan your research approach. ...
  • Search strategically: be efficient but thorough. ...
  • Manage your literature with online tools. ...
  • Critical reading and analysis. ...
  • Benchmark from other literature reviews. ...
  • Assemble the texts and write.
Jun 4, 2020

What is the website for literature review? ›

Scopus and Web of Science are good databases to start with for any research topic and literature review. Scopus is a large multidisciplinary database covering published material in the humanities and sciences. It also provides citation analysis of authors and subject areas.

What are the 3 C's of literature review? ›

Managing the "Three Cs" of Academic Literature Authorship: Contributions, Credit, and Conflict.

What are the 5 characteristics of a good literature review? ›

Characteristics of an effective literature review

Outlining important research trends. Assessing strengths and weaknesses (of individual studies as well the existing research as a whole). Identifying potential gaps in knowledge. Establishing a need for current and/or future research projects.

What is the most important information to include in a literature review? ›

a description of the publication; a summary of the publication's main points; a discussion of gaps in research; an evaluation of the publication's contribution to the topic.

What are the 4 major goals of literature review? ›

To determine what exists in the scholarly literature. To identify possible gap(s) in the scholarly literature for further research. To inform the research topic, theory (if applicable), and associated methodology. To compare/contrast against findings resulting from the current study.

What are the 4 basic characteristics of a review literature? ›

An evaluation of existing research. An argument about where your research fits into the field. A way of positioning the argument for your project. A simple summary of research.

How long should a literature review be? ›

In a PhD thesis, the literature review typically comprises one chapter (perhaps 8-10,000 words), for a Masters dissertation it may be around 2-3,000 words, and for an undergraduate dissertation it may be no more than 2,000 words.

How do I structure a literature review? ›

In general, literature reviews are structured in a similar way to a standard essay, with an introduction, a body and a conclusion. These are key structural elements. Additionally, a stand-alone extended literature review has an abstract.

How to write a good literature review? ›

How do I write a literature review?
  1. Step 1: Define your research scope. What is the specific research question that your literature review helps to define? ...
  2. Step 2: Identify the literature. Start by searching broadly. ...
  3. Step 3: Critically analyze the literature. ...
  4. Step 4: Categorize your resources.

Are literature reviews in APA or MLA? ›

There are two common types of papers written in fields using APA Style: the literature review and the experimental report (also known as a "research report").

Is there any app for literature review? ›

Citation Gecko. The literature search tool Citation Gecko is an open source web app that makes it easier to discover relevant scientific literature than your average keyword-based search engine for research papers. It works in the following way: First you upload about 5-6 “seed papers”.

Do literature reviews get published? ›

Very few scholarly journals will publish just the literature review from a dissertation.

How do you write a 5 page literature review? ›

Write a Literature Review
  1. Narrow your topic and select papers accordingly.
  2. Search for literature.
  3. Read the selected articles thoroughly and evaluate them.
  4. Organize the selected papers by looking for patterns and by developing subtopics.
  5. Develop a thesis or purpose statement.
  6. Write the paper.
  7. Review your work.
Jan 8, 2024

What is a literature review and example? ›

A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources (such as books, journal articles, and theses) related to a specific topic or research question. It is often written as part of a thesis, dissertation, or research paper, in order to situate your work in relation to existing knowledge.

What is the definition of literature list 5? ›

Literature is a method of recording, preserving, and transmitting knowledge and entertainment, and can also have a social, psychological, spiritual, or political role. Literature, as an art form, can also include works in various non-fiction genres, such as biography, diaries, memoir, letters, and essays.

What is 4 literature review? ›

Over the years, numerous types of literature reviews have emerged, but the four main types are traditional or narrative, systematic, meta-analysis and meta-synthesis. „∎ The primary purpose of a traditional or narrative literature review is to ana- lyse and summarise a body of literature.

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